Title: Chemical Eye Injuries in the Workplace. Prevention and Management
Author: Lusk PG
Journal: AAOHN J 1999 Feb;47(2):80-7; quiz 88-9
1. The majority of ocular burns are related to accidents at work. Acute ocular chemical injuries require immediate recognition and management.
2. Copious irrigation of the eye, done immediately at the scene, is the most important factor in the long-term prognosis of ocular chemical bums.
3. After irrigation has been completed and the eyes have been allowed to rest, visual acuity can be tested and referrals can be made to health care facilities and an ophthalmologist.
4. The nurse conducts health hazard assessments of the workplace, provides information about workplace chemicals and their risks, and ensures proper safety protective equipment and emergency supplies. Practicing emergency procedures such as irrigation is important.
5. The nurse monitors and analyzes injury exposure episodes and trends, along with coordinating referrals, treatments, and follow-up care for workers with ocular chemical burns.